A. Cordova Territory
The territorial jurisdiction of the Municipality of Cordova is comprised of some 740.8565 hectares land mass and more or less 48.75 hectares of islets. It consists of ten (10) coastal barangays, two (2) inland barangays and one (1) island barangay. It has a political and administrative jurisdiction over the islets of Nalusuan, Shell, Tongo and Lava (Maps "A", "B", and "C").
The Municipality of Cordova is located 10.25212 deg. North, 123.94948 deg. East with an elevation of 33 meters above main sea level. It is in the southern part of Mactan Island near the center east coast of the Province of Cebu, which is directly east of Cebu City. Cordova is bounded by Lapulapu City in the north, northeast and northwest sides. Camotes sea in the far east, Bohol strait in the south, and Cebu City in the west. The southeastern portion of Cordova is the Gilutongan channel, said to be next to Surigao deep in depth.
Cordova is located southwest of Mactan-Cebu International Airport (MCIAA) and the major industrial areas like the Mactan Export Processing Zone 2 (MEPZ 2) and the Cebu Light Industrial Park (CLIP) which are about 4 kilometers away. It is accessible through the City of Lapulapu via two routes: northwest via Brgys. Looc, Canjulao and Babag and northeast via Brgy. Marigondon.
Geographically, the Municipality of Cordova supports the Province of Cebu particularly Lapulapu City in terms of residential and tourism support. The islands of the municipality attract tourists, while its residential area serves workers of the MEPZ in the nearby Lapulapu City.
C. Land Area
Based on the approved Cadastral survey of Cordova, Cebu, Cad 670, the Alienable and Disposable as well as the Timberlands of the entire municipality that comprises thirteen (13) barangays have a land area of seven hundred forty point eight thousand five hundred sixty-five (740.8565) hectares although the Cadastral survey revealed an area of 1,170 hectares. It includes the islands of Lava, 36.3 hectares; Tongo, 7.2 hectares; Shell, 3 hectares; and Nalusuan, 2.25 hectares.
Land Area Per Barangay (in hectares)
Name of Barangay
Land Area (in hectares)
13. San Miguel
Land Area (Mainland)
Land Area (Islands)
D. Reclaimable Area/Fishing Ground
Its fishing ground extends up to fifteen (15) kilometers from the shoreline. This comprises the Cordova Municipal waters. Reclamation area, on the other hand, will cover only areas facing the City of Cebu estimated at no less than 3,500 hectares only.
Mactan Island of which Cordova is a part, belongs to type 3 climate. It has a typical south sea island climate; hot and humid with a varying range of temperature from 65 deg. F to 95 deg. F. The mean high temperature is 88 deg. F with a mean dew point of 80 deg. F and a minimum of 74 deg. F with a dew point of 68 deg. F.
In Mactan Island, two stations operated by PAG-ASA (one at the Mactan International Airport and another at Barangay Maribago) are measuring rainfall data.
F. Land Classification
The whole area of the Municipality of Cordova is classified as Alienable and Disposable (A & D) land except for the satellite islet of Tongo, which is characterized by woods and grasslands and is classified as Timberland.
The entire Municipality of Cordova is generally flat with 0 – 3% slope. Its highest elevation does not exceed ten (10) meters above sea level.
The general substrate of the Island is of limestone. The outcrops of hard limestone are evident in almost all places making the surface rugged. The limestone type belonging to Carcar formation occupies flanks of ridges and practically all of coastal areas. This formation is composed of limestone, limy turf and conglomerate limestone. It is dull to white or light brown when fresh and dark gray when weathered and break down into soil that ranges from brown to black. Sinkholes are very common in this formation.
I. Soil Type
The whole municipality is covered by only one type of soil – Faraon Clay (topsoil). Faraon Clay is common along the coastal hilly areas of Cebu. This soil type is characterized by its black color, which may be attributed to organic matter. Thus, this soil is commonly planted with coconut, corn, cassava, banana and other fruit trees. Barangays away from the national road, such as some portions of Barangays Ibabao, Cogon, Gabi and Buagsong are barren lands.
J. Vegetable Cover
Some portions of the island are made up of cultivated areas of land interspersed with specks of brush and grasslands.
Although agriculture is not appropriate in Mactan, several people however, have managed to till their lands for agricultural production. Minimal yield production of various root crops, leafy vegetables, legumes and fruit trees can be harvested in Cordova, as indicated by the report, "Cebu Agricultural Profile '95", compiled by the Cebu Department of Agriculture. Thus, Cordova's vegetation cover shows a significant area utilized for crop and coconut production. However, due to fast development shown by Mactan during the past decade, rows of residential houses have replaced that portion of Cordova that was classified as cropland.
Stretch of lands with wild green bushes is almost everywhere. On the other hand, substantial spread of barren soils is noticeably located in some barangays away from the national road, such as some portions of Barangays Ibabao, Cogon, Gabi and Buagsong.
Cordova is surrounded by mangroves of different species. The abundant mangrove plantation is located in the western portions of the town, or the side facing the City of Cebu. These mangroves are found in the Barangays of Pilipog, Bangbang, San Miguel, Day-as, Catarman and some portions of Poblacion, Alegria, and Gabi. The total mangrove plantation is estimated to cover more or less one hundred (100) hectares.
Protection of the remaining unique natural resources such as the mangrove forests, the seagrass beds and the coral reefs are significant for fishery and tourism development of Mactan. Destruction of these would invariably result to considerable and sustainable fish production losses affecting not only Mactan Island but the whole Province of Cebu as well.
K. Slope Stability
With the whole area having a slope of 0-3%, slopes are stable all over the mainland including its islets. Problem on slope stability is almost non-existent because of its almost flat topography.
L. Flooding Hazard
Based on the slope, soil type and rainfall the whole area of Cordova including its islets has a moderate flooding hazard. This means that flooding may occur in some spots with natural depressions and clavey soils but this can easily be remedied by filling up those spots or by establishing a good drainage system.
M. Erosion Potential
With a slope of 0-3% and the type of soil, which is dominated by the presence of corals, erosion is unlikely to occur in this place because of this type of physical characteristics. All rain water drains through the porous limestone then into the fresh water lens thus erosion is not a problem, though minimal erosion may occur along the shoreline due to the wave action of the sea.
N. Land Capability
Generally, the type of soil is good for agriculture but this soil is shallow and in between the coral reef formation, hardly can agricultural activities progress in the area. On the other hand, this renders the town an ideal place for urbanization, provided ample supply of water, electricity and efficient road network are available.
O. Land Suitability
The slope, soil type and the substrate have made Cordova suitable for any urban development, although there is a need for some soil investigation if heavy structures are planned to be built because of the general characteristics of limestone to produce cavities upon reaction with water.
P. Mineral Resources
Other than limestone and salt, Cordova has no other known mineral resources. Hard limestones are being extracted and quarried. They are then sliced into blocks to form building materials. Locally, it is known as "Mactan Stones" both for exports and domestic markets. They are transported and sold in tiles of various sizes depending upon the order of customers.